In the lower torso, the digestive organs include the lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract.  This consists of the small and large intestine, and the anus. Other organs, like the liver and pancreas, help the lower GI tract with the digestion of food, to aid in the release of many essential nutrients. When food exits the lower GI tract through the anus, it has already been fully digested and nearly all of the nutrients have been absorbed into the bloodstream. Bacteria assist in the digestion of food, converting it into feces.  Water is absorbed so only solid waste material is left to be excreted.

Colon Polyps/Cancer

Colon polyp is a growth that occurs on the surface of the colon. More than one colon polyp can occur, and they can be raised or flat. Some are benign, but some types of polyps may already be cancer or could become cancer.
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Constipation

Constipation happens when bowel movements become difficult or less frequent. It is not common to go longer than three days without a bowel movement. After three days, the stool or feces will harden and then becomes difficult to pass.
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Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s disease causes inflammation and irritation in the digestive tract. The most commonly affected area is the end part of the small intestine, called the ileum.
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Diarrhea

Diarrhea is a stool that is loose and watery. Having diarrhea means a person is passing loose stools three or more times a day.
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Diverticulosis/Diverticulitis

Many people have small pouches in the colon lining that bulge outward through weak openings. Each of the small pouches is called a diverticulum. Multiple pouches are referred to as diverticula. Diverticulosis is the condition of having diverticula.
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Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are inflamed and swollen veins near the anus or in the lower rectum. The rectum is the final part of the large intestine, and leads to the anus.
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Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome symptoms are most often cramping, abdominal pain, constipation, bloating, and diarrhea. Most people can control these symptoms with stress management, diet, and prescribed medications. For some others though, IBS can be disabling.
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Ostomy

When treating diseases involving the removal of all or part of your small intestine, colon, rectum or bladder, there must exist a new method for wastes to exit the body. The surgery to create the such an opening in the abdomen is called ostomy.
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Prevention of Colon Polyps/Cancer

Regular screening can usually find colorectal cancer early, at a point when it is more likely to be treatable. Screening may also prevent colorectal cancer entirely.
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Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic disease and causes inflammation and sores.  The sores are called ulcers, and occur in the inner lining of the large intestine.  The large intestine includes the colon and rectum.
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Rectal Bleeding

Any bleeding from your lower colon or rectum is referred to as rectal bleeding. Rectal bleeding may be seen as blood in the stool or toilet bowl, or on the toilet paper.
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